According to the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) of the World Health Organization (WHO), tanning beds are the most common source of ultraviolet radiation, apart from the sun, in developed countries, so the WHO ‘s It has been classified as a Group 1 carcinogen (carcinogenic to humans).
At the last Congress of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (EADV), recently held in Vienna (Austria), the Italian dermatologist Mariano Suppa , member of the Euromelanoma skin cancer prevention campaign , has indicated that, in Europe, “ about3,400 annual cases of melanoma are attributable to tanning beds and the risk of skin cancer increases significantly among its users, especially if the exposure has occurred before the age of 35 ”.
To reinforce the relationship between these UVA devices and skin tumors, he stressed that “an estimated 429,927 cases of skin cancer (including 10,888 melanomas) are caused by tanning booths in the United States, Europe and Australia)” , and has made a parallel with smoking : “In these regions, 362,941 annual cases of lung cancer are attributed to tobacco.”
In addition, Suppa has recalled that some users develop an addiction to tanning, known as tanorexia. “This addictive use should be considered a type of disorder related to substance abuse,” said the specialist.
For all the above, the AEDV, Euromelanoma, the European Forum of Dermatology and the European Association of Onco-Dermatology advocate that “the tanning bed industry admits that it is selling a product that can cause skin cancer and promote addictive behaviors ”, As the tobacco industry has been forced to do. Likewise, they demand a European regulation of tanning beds, since there is no specific legislation in this regard common to all the countries of the European Union.