The Watt is the SI unit of force – Volts times Amperes in direct-current frameworks, however when managing exchanging the two watts (W) and volt-amperes (VA) are units of estimation for electrical force. Watts allude to “genuine force,” while volt-amperes allude to “evident force.” Usually, electronic items show either of these qualities to give data concerning how much energy they will devour or how much current they will draw. Every one of these qualities can be utilized for different purposes’ current, in the event that you present a responsive (non-resistive) burden, Volts and Amps are at this point not in stage and geometry enters the condition. Power is a major piece of our day-to-day existences. We charge our numerous gadgets, dry our hair, wash our garments, heat our water, and light our rooms, all gratitude to power. In case you’re similar to me, you likely use power without pondering wattage, amps, or volts, yet those three energy estimation terms are a major part of your electrical framework, and understanding them will thusly assist you with interpreting your electrical bill.
Prior to meticulously describing how power functions in your house, first get what precisely power is. Instances of how power functions regularly portray water coursing through pipes. In this model, watts are the force or energy the water gives, volts are the strain of the water in the lines, and amps are how much water is coursing through the lines.
1: What is voltage?
Basically, voltage is coerced out of electrically powered circuits .so without voltage electron moves haphazardly anywhere. At that time, we apply voltage to a circuit after that electron moves in the right way so these electrons don’t move haphazard, we know that why just because of voltage If you have no voltage, you can’t get current Pressures of electricity as known as voltage So this is main symbol of (V)
Two types of direction
1: direction of current: – traditional current goes positive direction into negative direction
2: direction of electron: – electron goes positive direction into negative direction
2: How voltage work in batteries?
These batteries are so useful so batteries different type and shape of batteries these batteries voltage are different small batteries use for small gadgets and large batteries use for large gadgets these batteries depend on voltage without voltage batteries are nothing So large batteries can produce larger amount voltage then your electrical thing like, toaster, bulb, and other things so these powerful batteries can get more current We measured that in amperes or in amp So, use battery according to the electrical product how much it needs voltage high voltage and low voltage this is important thing With voltage also material is important which type of things have used in different sizes of batteries So, we use in daily life different types of batteries these batteries hold different voltage so batteries mention in electric potential two type of terminals
1: negative charge: In terminal the electrons of negative charge so low
2: positive charge: In terminal electrons of positive charge uncountable
So, the electrical potential means difference between two thing these two things not equal there charge not equal
For example: you have two tub these are fill from water and their quantity of water is different so electric potential is same as it’s is like difference between two charges or difference between two stages
Unit of electric potential: -l joules per coulomb
V= k q_r
V= electrical potential
R= distance of separation
Potential energy expands the positive charge. At the time goes opposite an electric field then shorten at that time it goes with electric field, the against for negative charge as long as the unit charge passes a converting magnetic field So, differences of potential energy we measure that with the help of voltmeter so potential energy is measurable it can be measure easily
What is voltage drop?
Basically, this voltage drop gives so much voltage to distribution line so voltage drop know as loss of power and lose of electric power in simple way you can say that if sent some power from transmission after that if they are checking it so it doesn’t same because in way some power loses during distribution so this is called voltage drop means loss of power
● distribution wire value decline
Development the voltage declines the value of distribution line because of this if voltage is increasing then automatically current will decrease so of the increase voltage power from distribution line when it comes the current lose because of high voltage if they will use a slim wire as like current crosses from wire increase the voltage and decrease the current if they will use slim wire from distribution line because of this they achieve a vital decline in of value purchasing wire
● lessen power drop
At the time they increase the voltage so this lessen in their electrical if they are saving the electrical issue in any way so they can save more electricity so will be good
Basically, power is slope so its energy acquires, as like you have a unit and you are using it for power this is known as watt So, a one watt is equal to one joule so this watt conveys per second It is applied to evaluated the ratio of power transmitted Watt is use for this is show the quantity of electromagnetic and electric energy in metric system and watt is showing this which work is completed done in perfect way and how this work has completed
Unit of watt is this 1w=1J/s
Explanation: – for suppose you have motored this motor is working on 80 watts now this is so you can say that this is work on 80 joules of work in every second
what is watt meter and how it works and why this is so useful?
Explanation: – So this wattmeter is an electric measuring device we use it for measure the electric power and different electric circuits wattmeter contains like on current coil also on voltage so it used basically where significant electrical is distributed because before distribution they check the power properly so that it’s not a hazard for other as like electrical emergency so this is very important device.
●watt meter moves coil electric measuring device and their manufacture from other settled coil this device contain of settled coil this wattmeter is playing vital role in any electric field so peoples are taking so much benefits from it and some other wattmeter like a watt meter can only measure the active power but power meter can measure any type of power
These electric power us so important you should know that
1: first one is apparent power = (VA)
2: active power=(W)
3: reactive power=(VAR)
Apparent power is this when electrical power comes in our homes or anywhere this apparent power, we get the complete energy or power so some voltage is lost in way or waste this is reactive power and we applying electricity this active power
Example: – for suppose that you have filled a utensil from water this forest condition of water is apparent power okay!
Then after that you are heating this water on high temperature and after few minutes you saw that water is low from before condition this is active power. And some water has finish in the form of evaporated so this is reactive power (waste power)
●Structure of wattmeter
The inside the body structure contains of two coils
☆ First coil is in succession
☆ Second one is attached in parallel coil
So, if these coils attach with succession each other is called current coil So other parallel attach with circuit is called voltage coil. So, when current flow with the help of coil then voltage drops over the potential coil so this is known as voltage coil
So, needle of meter shows the quantity of power so it connects to the potential coil
Work of wattmeter at the time current goes in current coil it produces like electromagnetic field on every side of coils
What is voltage relay
In simple way you can say that a switch that work on electricity it’s depend on electrical power also voltage relay depends on already available voltage or pre-set stage of voltage
High voltage relay
A high voltage relay work at the time current generate through a pressure, attach to the outside of a circuit basically this high voltage relay is attached with transformer that moves electric energy one circuit to other relay is adjustment to start available voltage stage or pre-set
Low voltage relay
Low voltage relay starts at the time voltage that moves relay coils falls down. low voltage relay save pressure opposite voltage falls down That lead to power shorten the relay connects trips the circuit breaker at the time voltage decreases to a certain stage
4: Advantage of high and low voltage of transformers
low voltage of transformers is good because people are safe from low voltage of transformers, they are protected from any type of big hazard this low voltage of transformers and high voltage of transformers with each other supplying us continuously power to our home and other places like when transmission will increase the voltage after that current will lose current will lose then so other things will change for example conductor etc. And also, high transformers will be under in weight
Disadvantages of high voltage and low voltage
●for suppose you have bought some electrical things from another country they made it this electrical thing according to their area voltage like 1.5 and you are giving this thing how voltage so it Will be so dangerous may it can be start spark or smoke
●And you have battery this battery is working on 1.5 voltage you are giving it low voltage how it will work properly
☆ high voltage
Mostly high voltage of power use in big factories and in industries they need high voltage of power their machines work on high power so this big transform needed so much voltage they can supply other easily maximum they use 6000 to 7000 volts so this high voltage of transformers. So, this high voltage of transformers increases and decrease the power
What is connection of volt and ampere
So, voltage measure of potential difference between the point of wire
And watt where the electrical do work at that time current of only amp moves around the potential difference of a volt
What is the connection between and voltage?
Basically, in voltage describe like voltage line voltage another one is phase voltage these are in direct proportionate with each other
● At the time the line voltage extends the phase voltage so extent with that easily
What is connection between voltage and current
voltage is known as EMF means electro native force; we measure the voltage with the help of voltmeter and voltage is occasion of current So voltage drops just because obstacle Voltage generates electro static Current Unit if current is ampere = 1 coulomb second Current is signifying by (I) We measure the current with the help of ammeter Current can’t move without the help of voltage Current generates magnetic field
Difference between EMF and voltage
EMF: – outer pressure more in moves a power to one pillar to another pillar outer a source So, it can be measured with the help of EMF meter It is invariably high then the voltage
EMF is occasion in a gravitational or electric Voltage
So, voltage moves one place to another place with the help of wires
Voltage is invariably low then EMF
Voltage is occurred in electric field
What is AMP?
So, billions of electrons move in one copper wire
1 amp is equal 1 coulomb per second Amp is important unit of electric current
1 coulomb is the unit of electron charge totally
Which one is dangerous current and voltage?
So current can flow easily in the human body in the body of human 7 million amperes or 6 million amperes of current is not dangerous in this condition current flows in our body just can feel this current but this is not dangerous After 70 million amperes is much dangerous than 6 million amperes at that moment, we feel strong current so 75 or 85 amperes of curedn5 can kill us easily I am clearing one thing here current is dangerous but voltage is not dangerous it can’t kill human’s so you shouldn’t any type of risk from electricity this is so much dangerous beyond your think if you feel any hazard so you can contact to emergency electrician near me don’t do anything from yourself so be careful you can care yourself own don’t touch the open wire don’t touch any electrical things if these are damaged and you want to repairing it without any knowledge it can be increase a big hazard for you safe yourself and safe to other because electricity is very dangerous don’t play with it some people make it fun bit take it serious
what happens when a voltage increases and decrease
so two types of things we use in home
1: fix motor appliances
2: not fix motor
so some appliances don’t need the motor they work directly
At the time the voltage is low, and low current flow moves them at the time voltage is high condition so current through it. In this low voltage output of Appliances doesn’t work properly like you bulb they gives you very low light and other appliances will work in same condition if they will not take proper voltage so after that these appliance start burning without voltage so motor appliances have own voltage range then you give them high voltage power beyond to appliances range the will damage front of you very quickly in this condition you can one thing off the main power line so it will be very safe for you and your appliances .so it will happen high voltage is increasing it can damage you appliances with motor and you should try the stabilizer with it
what is voltage stabilizer ?
so voltage stabilizer is electric gadget so this stabilizer is for protection it saves you appliances during high voltage condition and low voltage condition so the main name of stabilizer is Automatic stabilizer regulator it increase the level to save the device from any hazard
How Are Volt-Amperes Calculated?
The obvious force for dc circuits is essentially the voltage (Vdc) times the current (Idc):
VA = Vdc x Idec (3)
The obvious force for dc circuits is equivalent to genuine force for dc circuits (for dc, VA = W).
For ac circuits, VA are the result of the RMS voltage (VRMS) times the RMS current (IRMS):
VA = VRMS x IRMS (4)
You can ascertain the clear force in volt-amperes for ac circuits by duplicating the deliberate RMS voltage times the deliberate RMS current. A standard multimeter normally can make both of these RMS estimations.
The Travel Rate Analogy
Understanding the fundamental idea of rate is critical to understanding watts versus volts. Addressing a companion about voyaging, it might be said that the vehicle covered 65 miles. While this is valuable data, it doesn’t give a full picture of precisely what simply occurred. You might have said that you traveled 65 miles, however what’s the more prominent setting of this? Did you drive it in around 60 minutes? That is ordinary and anticipated. On the off chance that you drove it in 90 days, that is something else entirely. This is the place where opportunity arrives into play. Time without help from anyone else, as well, is inadequate information. Talking about the length of a vehicle trip is a deficient arrangement of information. One bunch of information manages distance in the actual world; one more set arrangement with time. Rather than shuffling two arrangements of information to and for, it is substantially more accommodating and helpful to think of a solitary number that joins the two. That number is rate. Thus, the recipe V x A = W is like the vehicle trip model; both show rate. With the vehicle, that rate is the natural assignment MPH (miles each hour): rate is equivalent to separate isolated by time. In electrical frameworks, amperage and voltage are valuable arrangements of data. However, wattage is an extra normal assortment of information since it consolidates the two to create a pointer like rate or speed. So quite a bit of our regular routines runs on power, yet a large portion of us don’t have the foggiest idea about the distinction between a 60-watt and 75-watt light, or how voltage from the divider attachment supplies sufficient juice to run both a little work area light and an amazing microwave. The three most essential units in power are voltage (V), current (I, capitalized “I”) and obstruction (R). Voltage is estimated in volts, current is estimated in amps and obstruction is estimated in ohms.
A flawless similarity to assist with understanding these terms is a means of plumbing pipes. The voltage is identical to the water pressure, the momentum is comparable to the stream rate, and the opposition resembles the line size. Suppose you have a tank of compressed water associated with a hose that you are utilizing to water the nursery. What occurs in the event that you increment the strain in the tank? You likely can figure that this makes more water emerge from the hose. The equivalent is valid for an electrical framework: Increasing the voltage will make more flow stream. You most likely speculated that this additionally makes more water emerge from the hose. This resembles diminishing the obstruction in an electrical framework, which builds the flow stream. Electrical force is estimated in watts. In an electrical framework power (P) is equivalent to the voltage duplicated by the flow. The water similarity actually applies. you increment the stream rate; the waterwheel turns quicker due to the heaviness of the additional water hitting it.