What Are The Causes Of Spasms And How To Prevent Them?

A muscle spasm can be described as an involuntary, sudden movement of one or several muscles. Some call it a charley horse or muscle cramp, or it can be described as a twitch.

These movements can occur within any muscle in the body and are often observed. The muscle spasms are often the result of exercise, stress, and the lack of water. They’re not usually an indication of concern.

Causes of muscle spasm

Muscle spasms are frequent. They can occur anywhere on the body. However, they are most often affecting the following areas:

  • Feet
  • Hands
  • Arms
  • Thighs
  • Abdomen
  • Intercostal muscles, located in the rib cage

The pain of muscles, fatigue, and overuse are among the most frequently cited causes for muscle spasms. Other causes are anxiety or stress, which could cause facial muscle twitches. The nerves that are tangled can lead to muscles spasms and back spasms.

The athletes who do not prepare themselves before exercise or exercise in scorching temperatures may also experience muscle spasms. It is a term that commonly refers to spasms that occur in the muscles in the calf muscles of runners. Lack of water consumption before exercising may cause muscle spasms too.

Specific individuals are more prone in comparison to others when it comes to spasms. People who are at the highest most risk include:

  • Older adults
  • Athletes
  • People who are obese or overweight
  • Pregnant women

Patients with particular health issues that affect nerves, such as thyroid-related issues, have more than an average number of muscle spasms.

Muscle spasms aren’t usually an issue to be worried about; however, they may indicate an underlying neurological problem in certain circumstances. Health conditions that affect the brain can cause the brain and are responsible for making muscles move.


Muscle spasms may not be uncomfortable; however, some cause discomfort. It may feel like the muscle is leaping or moving by itself, the sensation usually lasting just a few minutes. Some may be able to handle the muscle’s movements moving.

It can sometimes feel like the entire muscle has swelled up and can’t move. The most common occurrence of this is in the legs and can be very painful. The power could feel very hard to handle. Although cramping sensation tends to disappear within a few minutes or less, the muscle might persist in hurting for an extended period following the incident.

If muscle spasms are an aspect of a neurological health condition, the patient will likely experience additional symptoms. They could include:

  • Tension in the neck, back, or the head
  • Muscle weakness
  • Skin numbness
  • Pins-and-needles sensation
  • Shakiness
  • Paralysis
  • Poor coordination
  • Slow and sluggish movements
  • Double vision
  • Sleep problems


Muscle spasms typically go away by themselves. It may take only a few seconds or several minutes to end; however, they don’t require treatment. A good intake of water can ease the effects of dehydration on muscle cramps.

You can take Tapentadol Online to manage pain caused by muscle spasms. If don’t want to take medicine then you can follow few techniques.

If someone is suffering from an uncomfortable cramp and is experiencing pain, they should attempt a few techniques to ease the discomfort. According to the American Osteopathic Association recommends:

  • Halting any activity that could lead to cramps — running, for instance.
  • Massage the muscles that are cramping gently
  • Stretching the power in the area of cramps slowly
  • Using heating pads to relax tight muscles. Heated pad to loosen muscles
  • Applying an ice pack to help soothe muscles that are aching

If the problem is in the calf muscles, the patient could try placing their body weight over the affected leg and bends their knee just a bit—the stretching force.

If the quadriceps muscles are cramped, the muscles located at the side of the thigh person could attempt to hold the foot of the leg that is affected behind them and then gently pull it towards their buttocks.  If an underlying neurological disorder causes spasms in the muscles, doctors could suggest an antispasmodic medication.


Drinking plenty of fluids and stretching muscles before any workout or repetitive movement will help to prevent muscle spasms. Certain people suffer from leg muscle cramps at night. You are stretching your legs before sleeping can help to keep this from happening.

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